1. Canterbury Tales
(mutilated: contains I
6414): fols. 1r-301r
2. “Somnium vigilantis” (by John Fortescue
? Latin-English-French, after 1459; begins:
“[?] the whiche bene lyke to fall with oute a direcciou[n] be had on this”; IPMEP
3. “Declaration upon Certayn Wrytinges Sent Oute of
Scotteland,” by John Fortescue
(after October, 1471; begins: “A lernid man in the lawe of this lande Come late to s[er]
the same sir…”; ed. Clermont 1869
10): fols. 311r-326r
4. “The Balet of the Kynge” (poem on Edward IV
’s return to London, 1471; begins:
reu[er]ens the maker of mankynde”; DIMEV
4464): fols. 327r-332r
5. Prescription for toothache (ca. 1500; “Take Smalage .
Sage. to or iij clowes of Garlyke . And mynce them to gedyr and | put there to a lytyll salt.
then bynde it in a lynene cloth to the quantite of a lyty[l?] | walnote and sey ane p[[ate]r
n[oste]r & amp;ane ane in the worship of god & Seynt Appolyne | and one crede and ley
it to the sore tothe be twyne the lyppe & the gume. W[hethyr?] | it be beneth or aboffe.
& let it ly ther one houre. whethyr he be slepyng or [?]): fol. 332v
Similar to d
but with different system of links (view in DIMEV
): I Gam
VIII VI VII IX X
Progress of Copying:
The explicit for CkT and incipit for Gam read
“Her endeth o tale of the Cooke & her folowyth a nother | tale of the same
cooke” (fol. 66v). On fol. 175v, the scribe omits
IV 1170 (the reference to the Wife of Bath), leaving a blank line.
Fol. 176v has only the final five lines of the Envoy, with the rest of the page and probably the following leaf (.11, now missing)
left blank. FkT begins at the top of fol. 168r,
without incipit. CYT, PhT, and PdPro & T all have incipits and explicits written in the margin. At the end of
PdT no explicit is provided, but a space of about fourteen lines is
left blank (fol. 227v); ShT begins at the top of
fol. 228r without incipit. The explicit to ShT and
incipit for PrPro are in the text, but the explicit to PrPro and incipit for PrT are again in the margin (fol. 234v), as are the explicit for PrT and incipit for ThopPro (fol. 238r), the explicit for ThopPro and incipit for Thop (fol. 238v). Scribe 2 originally left half of fol. 241r and
two-thirds of the verso blank. On the verso, he wrote “Here endithe the tale of sir
thopas by Chaucer | and begynnythe þe p[ro]log of melibe & prudence,” followed
by the Host’s interruption. On fol. 242v, the explicit and incipit
are again in the gutter, and this format continues. At the end of NPT,
the NP “Epilogue” is included in this MS (a feature of the
a MSS), but is followed by MancPro.
Paper, 2°. Gilt edges.
For illustrations and analyses of the paper stocks in the manuscripts of the
“Hammond Scribe” see also Mosser
The Canterbury Tales section:
1. Bull’s head (“Tête de
Boeuf”), similar to Briquet
15054 (1441-1445), centered between chainlines 3.8 cm apart. The mark is 6 cm
long by ca. 4 cm at its widest point: fols. 1-272
2. Arms of Valencia (“Armoiries Deux
Pals”), very similar to Briquet
2064 (1464), but each tip of the crown has a series of three
circles (cf. Ad¹
, and Ma
3. Scissors (“Ciseaux”), similar to Briquet
3694 (1433-34), but with different chainline
widths and the detached element more upright; cf. Papiers
6622 (Catane 1463: SCISSORS.066.1
). Cf. also Wasserzeichenkartei
(Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart) “Shere –
Scheidershere mit Beizeichen,” number 122557, Genova 1476. Chainlines are
3.5 and 3 cm apart, with the middle chainline bisecting the mark. The scissors
element is 5 cm long: fols. 285-301
The remaining (later) portion of the volume:
5. Unicorn (“Licorne Simple”), closest to
10015 (Dijon 1448; group vars.
1440-50), but the tail is more like that of Briquet
10014 (Paris 1446) and 10024 (Cuy 1477). See also UNI.001
in the Gravell Archive
’s first edition of
the Canterbury Tales
(STC 5083, [1476/77]).
Chainlines are 3.8 and 3.6 cm apart, and the relationship of the mark to the
chains is as in Briquet
10015. Chainlines are 3.8
and 3.6 cm apart (this paperstock also occurs in Sl³
): fols. 302-310
6. Unicorn (“Licorne Simple”), the twin of
the preceding mark. Very close to Papiers Briquet
13247 (Saint-Omèr 1469).
7. Unicorn (“Licorne Simple”), near Briquet
9997 (1477-1478), but the mark is 9.4 cm
long, while the Briquet mark is only 8.3 cm. Both have chainlines 3.6 cm apart,
and the orientation is identical to the Briquet mark (very close to another
paper stock used in Sl³
similar to a paper stock found in Caxton
’s Chronicles of England
[STC 9991; 10 June 1480]): fols.311-316; 333-348
8. Anchor (“Ancre”), very near Piccard
“Anker,” II.704-707 (1474-1478):
28.3 x 20.8 cm (“Chancery”). Between fols. 285-311 the pages are very
damaged, with up to half of some pages having been lost and patched with modern
There are two foliations in CT: the older, starting at
“51,” reflects the period during which the non-CT pieces were bound at the front, the more recent records the ordering in
the current binding, which places those materials as fols. 302-348 at the back. The
collation below follows the modern foliation.
12 (–1) fols. 1-11
[2-12]12 fols. 12-143
12 (–3) fols. 144-154
12 fols. 155-166
12 (–11) fols. 167-178
[16-19]12 fols. 179-226
12 (–3) fols. 227-236
[21-25]12 fols. 237-296
12 (–6-12) fols. 297-301
•The Shorter Pieces, formerly bound at the front•note
? fols. 311-314 (fol. 311r
[a blank, modern unwatermarked folio]
12 fols. 315-326
6 fols. 327-332
10 fols. 333-342
? fols. 343-348 (There are six leaves remaining, with
watermarks on fols. 344, 346, 347)
Margined in brown ink, unruled, single columns of 31-38 lines. The written space is
approximately 20.5 x 13.5 cm. Tales are numbered in rubricated roman numerals at the top of
the page, replacing the usual running heads. Catchwords on the final verso of gatherings of
twelve. In fols. 1-167, rubricated incipits and explicits (not in the hand of the scribe),
red capital strokes. After that, only ClT is rubricated. Painted
blue initials of 3-4 lines, with red penwork mark tale beginnings. Lesser textual divisions
are marked by small red initials and paraphs.
Scribe No. 1: fols. 1r-166v (the end of Q ). A mixed, primarily secretary hand, with tailed, horned g, single-compartment a (as well as a very tall two-compartment form), looped d, circular e, rolled-umbrella descenders on f, long s. Body height is 1.5-2 mm.
Scribe No. 2
is the Hammond
: fols. 167r-301r
, except 27 lines on fol. 241r
, where a third hand
takes over. Body height is 2 mm.
Scribe No. 3 supplies VII 886-917 on fol. 241r. Tailed g with a
counter-clockwise hook on the tail, long final r, z-shaped r elsewhere, single-compartment a, a long tail on h that sometimes forms a complete loop, both looped and unlooped d. Body height is 2 mm.
Eighteenth-century, black, sewn on five bands, gilt-stamped with “G R II 1757” and
the royal arms, the motto of the Order of the Garter, “HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE,”
in gold. Two stiff, modern paper fly leaves at the front and two at the back.
Everett, Virginia Thornton. [Mrs. Lowell P. Leland]. “A Study of the Scribal Editing
in Twelve MSS of the Canterbury Tales.” Diss. University of Chicago, 1940. 19-25.
Hammond, Eleanor P. Chaucer: A Bibliographical Manual. 1908; rpt. New
York: Peter Smith, 1933. 179-80.
Kirby-Miller, Wilma Anderson. “Scribal Dialects in the C and D Manuscripts of the
Canterbury Tales.” Diss. University of Chicago, 1938. 70-2.
Manly, John M., and Edith Rickert, eds. The Text of the Canterbury Tales:
Studied on the Basis of All Known Manuscripts. 8 vols. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1940. 1:476-84.
McCormick, Sir William and Janet E. Heseltine. The Manuscripts of
Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales: A Critical Description of Their Contents. Oxford: Clarendon, 1933. 451-9.
Mosser, Daniel W. “Dating the Manuscripts of the ‘Hammond Scribe’: What
the Paper Evidence Tells Us.” The Journal of the Early Book Society 10 (2007):
Owen, Charles A., Jr. The Manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales.
Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 1991. 67-8.
Seymour, Michael C. A Catalogue of Chaucer Manuscripts. Volume II, The
Canterbury Tales. Aldershot and Brookfield: Scolar Press, 1997. 135-8.
Warner, Sir George F., & Julius P. Gilson. Catalogue of Western
Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections in the British Museum. Vol. 2. Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 1921. 254-5.