SEARCH RECORDS

INTRODUCTION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
NOTATIONAL CONVENTIONS
UNTRACED MANUSCRIPTS
SCRIBE B=ADAM PINKHURST
SCRIBE D=JOHN MARCHAUNT
THE HAMMOND SCRIBE
THE “HOOKED-g” SCRIBES
THE PETWORTH SCRIBE
THE BERYN SCRIBE
BIBLIOGRAPHY
HOME
initial
A Digital Catalogue of the
Pre-1500 Manuscripts and Incunables of the
Canterbury Tales
Second Edition
MANUSCRIPT:  Ra3
Location:  OxfordBodleian Library MS Rawlinson poet. 223 [s.c. 14714]
☙       ☙       ☙
MANUSCRIPT CONTENTS:
Canterbury Tales (mutilated: from I 172; DIMEV 6414)
Tale-order: 
(View in DIMEV)
I II Va IVb IVa III VIIIa Cb IX VIIcdf VIa VIIab Fb X
Progress of Copying: 
Instructions for running heads sometimes remain at the bottom right: e.g., fol. 255r (“dorigen”), 255v (“arveragus”). SqT ends at V 670, on fol. 89r (the leaf added to Q [8]), with the remaining four lines on the recto and the following verso left blank. MerPro (the Sq-Fk Link adapted to the Merchant) begins on fol. 90r. MerT ends on fol. 107v and is followed by ClPro. ClPro ends on fol. 108v, about a third of the way down the page. This is followed by a 4-line gap, a 3-line explicit and incipit, a 5-line gap, a large strapwork initial G and 3-line textura “RISILDE,” and another gap of 7 lines. The following folio has been cut out. ClT begins on the following recto, the first folio of Q [11]. Mel ends on fol. 194r, leaving 24 lines blank as well as the verso, except for the incipit half-way down fol. 194v: “Here beginneth the Nonnes Prestes tale of Chauntecler & Pertelote.” NPT begins at the top of fol. 195r. On fol. 236v, the scribe originally omitted part of X 193 due to eyeskip (from “the derknesse of deth” to “the derknesse of deth”) but added the omitted passage in the margin with a + sign to mark the insertion point.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION:
Materials:  
Parchment.
Page Size:  
40.5 x 25.5 cm.
Collation:
Q [2] bears the signature “q.” Presumably, then, the MS originally had fourteen, or possibly fifteen more gatherings at the front.
[1]12 (–1-7) fols. 1-5
[2-5]12 fols. 6-53 ([2] signed “q”; [3] signed “r”; [4] signed “t”; [5] signed “σ”[?])
[6]12 (–8: stub) fols. 54-64 (signed “x”)
[7]12 fols. 65-76 (signed “y”)
[8]12+1 (12+χ1) fols. 77-89 (the added leaf contains the final lines of SqT on the recto, with four lines left blank along with the entire verso. The leaf may have been tipped in or may have been the first of a regular gathering of twelve. At present, the stub is attached to the recto of fol. 77; signed “z”; fol. 89 signed “A”[?])
[9]12 fols. 90-101 (signed “b”[?])
[10]8 (–8) fols. 102-108 (the stub of [10].8 is glued to fol. 108v)
[11]12 (–12) fols. 109-119 (signed “+”)
[12]12 fols. 120-131 (signed “a”)
[13]12 (–4) fols. 132-142
[14-17]12 fols. 143-190 ([14] signed [?]; [15] signed “d”; [16] signed “c”)
[18]12 (–2-11) fols. 191-192 (signed “g”)
[19-24]12 fols. 193-264 ([19] signed “h”; [20] signed “I”; [21] signed “k”; [22] signed “l”[?]; [23] signed “m”; [24] signed “n”)
[25]8 (–6, 8: fols. 268-269 are conjugate) fols. 265-270
Format:
Margined and ruled (with double lines at the top and bottom) in violet ink, single columns of 34 lines. Pricking visible at the fore-edge. Written space approximately 24.5 x 12.5 cm. Yellow capital strokes. Rubricated glosses in MLT placed within the text. Rubricated incipits and explicits. Large textura running heads (beginning with “Theseus” on fol. 11r) with initials of gold with violet penwork and blue with red penwork. Paraphs of gold with violet penwork and blue with red penwork throughout. Catchwords centered on the final verso of gatherings of twelve.
Hand(s):
A hybrid secretary hand influenced by textura, with a squarish single-compartment a, an unlooped d with a squarish body and a crescent-shaped ascender (the scribe also has a looped form of d), a g graph with a crescent-shaped stroke attached to the end of the tail and pronounced horns on top of the lobe, c with an exaggerated broken top stroke. The minims of m, n, and u are individually formed after the fashion of textura semiquadrata. The body height is 3.5-4 mm. Running heads and first lines of texts are in a large (2-line, ca. 13 mm) textura with pronounced hooks at the top and bottom of minims. The script is proportionally much taller than it is wide. See further the Hooked-g Scribes article.
Decoration:
On fol. 142r is an historiated initial containing a Franciscan friar. On fol. 183r is a second historiated initial containing an author(?), facing outward, seated perpendicular to a desk on which a book is opened (see Scott 1996, 2:141, 183). Both pages have ¾ borders: a vertical bar on the left, with vines, flowers, and gold trefoils spreading across the top and bottom. Elsewhere, tales are marked by painted initials of 8-12 lines, 3/4 borders, first lines in large textura semiquadrata. Other textual divisions marked by large, elaborate strapwork initials and first lines in textura.
Binding:
Rebound (1985?), in brown buckram with calf spine, sewn on six thongs. The Lydgate fragment was separated at this time and bound separately, housed in the same conservation box as Ra³ (on the Lydgate fragment and a sister fragment in the Bodleian Library see Mooney 2001). Richard Rawlinson’s bookplate is pasted on the inside cover. Two stiff brown paper flies at the front and back, plus an older paper fly immediately following the text block. A scrap of paper that was formerly foliated as “192a, and pinned to fol. 191v (removed 1985)” is attached on the recto of the second fly. An older paper fly (iii, at the front) is now backed by felt. On the recto is “Arch. C. Bodl. 83” in a circle and “MSS. Rawlinson Poet.,” with several columns of figures below.

HISTORY:
Date:
s. XV3/4 (Scott 1996, 2:141, suggests the date “c. 1450-60.”)
Language: 
See the Language section of Hooked-g Scribes article.
Provenance:
The word “pope” has been erased at II 234 and elsewhere. On fol. 271r (the old paper fly) is the note:
10.4.
2.11
7.13
On fol. 169v, below the writing space, in drypoint is “wyke.” With UV light, the signature “John opowell” can be made out on fol. 270v. On the same page is “John Cowland.”

References:
Hammond, Eleanor P. Chaucer: A Bibliographical Manual. 1908; rpt. New York: Peter Smith, 1933.  186-7.
Horobin, Simon. “The ‘Hooked G’ Scribe and His Work on Three Manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales.” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 49 (1998): 411-17. 
Little, A. G. Franciscan History and Legend in English Medieval Art. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1937. 45, 63, pl. 16 [facsimile of fol. 142r, detail of the initial].
Loomis, Roger S. A Mirror of Chaucer’s World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1965. Pl. 150.
Madden, Falconer. A Summary Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, vol. 3. Oxford: Clarendon, 1895.  332-3 [s.c. 14,714].
Manly, John M., and Edith Rickert, eds. The Text of the Canterbury Tales: Studied on the Basis of All Known Manuscripts. 8 vols. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1940. 1:461-71, 577-80, p. V.
McCormick, Sir William and Janet E. Heseltine. The Manuscripts of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales: A Critical Description of Their Contents. Oxford: Clarendon, 1933. 443-50.
Mooney, Linne R. “Two Fragments of Lydgate’s Troy Book in the Bodleian Library.” Journal of the Early Book Society 4 (2001): 259-66. 
Mooney, Linne R., and Daniel W. Mosser. “The Hooked-g Scribes and Takamiya Manuscripts.” In Takami Matsuda, Richard A. Linenthal and John Scahill, eds. The Medieval Book and a Modern Collector: Essays in Honour of Toshiyuki Takamiya. Takami Matsuda, Richard A. Linenthal and John Scahill, eds. Cambridge and Tokyo: D. S. Brewer & Yushodo Press Ltd, 2004. 179-96. 
Owen, Charles A., Jr. The Manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 1991. 54-7.
Pächt, Otto, and J. J. G. Alexander. Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford, vol. 3. Oxford: Clarendon, 1973. pl. XCVIII, No. 1062b.
Scott, Kathleen L. Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490. 2 vols. Volume Six of A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles. Ed. J. J. G. Alexander. London: Harvey Miller Publishers, 1996. 2:141, 183.
Seymour, Michael C. A Catalogue of Chaucer Manuscripts. Volume II, The Canterbury Tales. Aldershot and Brookfield: Scolar Press, 1997. 188-93.